How Regular and Synthetic Dividend Reinvestment Programs (DRIP) Work
The questions are still rolling in about investing small amounts per month, this time regarding the differences between a dividend reinvestment plan (DRIP)/stock purchase plan (SPP) and a synthetic DRIP that most discount brokerages offer. For those who are new to the concept, a DRIP is a way to automatically reinvest dividends received from a publicly traded company.
The DRIP/SPP strategy is where an investor can purchase one or more shares of a participating publicly traded company, and have the dividends reinvested automatically.
The advantages are that investors can reinvest dividends without any commission fees and the ability to purchase partial shares with even the smallest of dividends. The downside is that it is a bit of a process to get started in the DRIP program, and there are limited companies that offer this option.
At a very high level, the process is as follows:
- Find companies that offer the DRIP/SPP program then purchase your share or shares with your discount broker;
- Call your broker and request a share certificate (fee involved); and,
- Mail certificate to the transfer agent.
Investors can also initiate this process by purchasing a single share privately (includes the certificate), which can then be sent to the transfer agent. More on the details here.
Once you have it setup, it’s on auto pilot and some companies even offer discounts on the share price if dividends are reinvested. Here are a list of the top Canadian companies that offer DRIP.
If the process of traditional DRIP/SPP sounds like too much work, then there is another option that is much easier. The only catch is that you need more cash to get started. Synthetic DRIPs are offered by most discount brokers that will allow you to reinvest your dividends without being charged commissions.
However, there is a catch – the dividend received must be enough to purchase at least one whole share or the dividend will be distributed as cash. In other words, a synthetic DRIP will not allow you to purchase partial shares.
So how much of a dividend stock do you need to buy so that the quarterly dividends are enough to purchase one share? Easy!
Number of Shares to Buy = Share Price / Dividend per quarter
For example, Fortis (FTS) currently has a share price of $30.71 (as of Sept 6, 2013) and a quarterly dividend of $0.31. Say an investor wants to purchase shares so that each quarterly dividend is enough to purchase a single share.
Using the handy formula above results in purchasing about 100 shares of Fortis, or $3,071 worth. However, if Fortis’ stock price goes up, and the dividend is not sufficient to purchase one share, it will result in the dividend being distributed as cash. To help mitigate against this scenario, the investor may want to purchase more shares.
At a high level, the process is as follows:
- Determine which dividend stock you want to buy (list of Canadian dividend stocks);
- From there, you’ll need two more pieces of information, current stock price and dividends per quarter;
- Use the formula above to determine approximately how many shares to purchase;
- After you make the purchase (step by step on how to buy stocks), phone your discount broker to setup automatic reinvestment of the dividend (ie. synthetic DRIP); and,
- Providing that your quarterly dividend is enough to purchase at least a single share, your broker will automatically purchase the share(s) commission free every quarter.
Both DRIP strategies have their merits and pitfalls, so you’ll need to determine which works the best for you. The traditional DRIP allows you to automatically reinvest dividends received, even if it means purchasing partial shares – all with no commissions.
The synthetic DRIP also offers no commissions on reinvested dividends, but you’ll need more capital upfront. Personally, I do not currently follow either strategy because I prefer to spend my dividends when valuations are attractive (when to buy dividend stocks). But the DRIP strategy is a great way for investors to set it and forget it.
Do you use the DRIP strategy?